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Install Fn

Fn is a lightweight Docker-based serverless functions platform you can run on your laptop, server, or cloud. In this installation tutorial we’ll walk through installing Fn.

Setting up a working Fn installation involves these three simple steps:

  • Ensure you have the necessary prerequisites
  • Download the Fn command line interface (CLI) utility
  • Run fn start command which will download the Fn server docker image and start the Fn server

Before you Begin

Before we can install Fn you’ll need:

  1. A computer running Linux or MacOS. If you have a Windows machine the easiest thing to do is install VirtualBox and run a free Linux virtual machine.
  2. Docker 17.10 (or higher) needs to be installed and running.

As you make your way through this tutorial, look out for this icon. Whenever you see it, it’s time for you to perform an action.

Download and Install the Fn CLI

From a terminal type the following:

curl -LSs https://raw.githubusercontent.com/fnproject/cli/master/install | sh

Once installed you’ll see the Fn CLI version printed out. You should see something similar to the following displayed (although likely with a later version number):

fn version 0.4.87

        ______
       / ____/___
      / /_  / __ \
     / __/ / / / /
    /_/   /_/ /_/`

Note: The above Fn CLI install script requires write access to restricted folders like /usr/local/bin. If the user doesn’t have write access to /usr/local/bin, or if you prefer to install Fn CLI in a different location, please see the Fn Manual Install section.

Start the Fn Server

The next install step is to start the Fn server. Since Fn runs on Docker it will need to be up and running too.

To start the Fn server you use the Fn CLI. Run the fn start command. This will download the Fn server docker image and start the Fn Server on port 8080 by default. Note that this process runs in the foreground so that it is easy to stop with Ctrl-C:

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fn start

If the Fn Server starts up successfully, you should see output similar to:

...
time="2018-05-10T11:32:49Z" level=info msg="available cpu" availCPU=2000 totalCPU=2000
time="2018-05-10T11:32:49Z" level=info msg="sync and async cpu reservations" cpuAsync=1600 cpuAsyncHWMark=1280 cpuSync=400

        ______
       / ____/___
      / /_  / __ \
     / __/ / / / /
    /_/   /_/ /_/
        v0.3.439

time="2018-05-10T11:32:49Z" level=info msg="Fn serving on `:8080`" type=full

Note: The Fn server stores its metadata in the ~/.fn/data directory. If you run in to errors after updating the Fn server, you may want to delete the contents of this data directory and restart Fn server.

If you have some other process running on port 8080, fn start will fail with the following error:

docker: Error response from daemon: driver failed programming external connectivity on endpoint fnserver (d9478f85df4ef97d23d618c2318c243f1e8b65d69ca2547d889d80b148c5be09): Error starting userland proxy: Bind for 0.0.0.0:8080 failed: port is already allocated.
2018/05/10 16:49:25 error: processed finished with error exit status 125

In this case you can stop the other process and run fn start again. Alternatively, you can start Fn server on a different port.

Start the Fn Server on a Different Port

Fn Server starts on port 8080 by default. To use a different port use the --port or the -p option. For example

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fn start -p 8081

When using a non-default port, you must point the Fn CLI to the new port using the FN_API_URL environment variable:

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export FN_API_URL=http://127.0.0.1:8081

Alternatively, you can also set the api_url using Fn contexts.

Test the Install

Let’s verify everthing is up and running correctly.

Open a new terminal and run the following:

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fn version

You should see the version of the Fn CLI (client) and server displayed (your version will likely differ):

Client version:  0.4.87
Server version:  0.3.439

Note:
If the server version is ‘?’ then the Fn CLI cannot reach the Fn server. If this happens it’s likely you have something else running on port 8080 or you started the server on a different port but forgot to set the FN_API_URL.

Configure your Context

Before we start using Fn, we need to configure Fn to point to an appropriate Docker registry so it knows where to push your function images to. Normally Fn points to your Docker Hub account by specifying your Docker Hub username. However, for pure local development we can simply configure Fn with an arbitrary value such as “fndemouser”.

We store the registry value in an Fn context. An Fn context represents our current deployment environment and we can have more than one if we are deploying to multiple servers.

Get a List of Contexts

First, get a list of available contexts.

user input

fn list contexts

The result should be similar to this:

CURRENT     NAME    PROVIDER    API URL                    REGISTRY
            default default     http://localhost:8080/v1   

Notice we have a default context which deploys to a local Fn server. The default context is created the first time you run the Fn CLI. However, we need to select default as our current context and set a registry value for remote or local Docker use.

Select a Context

To select a context:

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fn use context default
Now using context: default

The default context is now selected.

Set Registry for Local Development

To use Fn for local development, set the registry to an arbitrary value. For example:

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fn update context registry fndemouser
Current context updated registry with fndemouser

The Docker registry value is now set to “fndemouser”.

Set Registry for Normal Development

To use Fn for normal development, set the registry to your Docker Hub user name. For example:

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fn update context registry your-docker-hub-user-name
Current context updated registry with your-docker-hub-user-name

The Docker registry value is now set to your-docker-hub-user-name.

Verify Context Configuration

Now, recheck your context configuration. If you selected the local development option you should get the following results.

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fn list contexts
CURRENT     NAME    PROVIDER    API URL                    REGISTRY
*           default default     http://localhost:8080/v1   fndemouser

The default context is now our current context and has a registry value of fndemouser. You are ready to create your first function.

For more information on contexts see here.

Fn Manual Install

The steps to install Fn manually are described in this section. The system requirements are the same as those outlined for the script installation.

You will need to follow these steps if the user doesn’t have write access to /usr/local/bin, or if you prefer to install Fn CLI in a different location.

Download Fn CLI

Download the CLI for your operating system. For this example, files are saved to the ~/Downloads directory.

user input Open the Fn project release directory in your browser: https://github.com/fnproject/cli/releases/. You should see a list of executables for supported operating systems. Click on the Fn executable for your operating system and save the file locally.

Operating System Executable
MacOS fn_mac
Linux fn_linux
Alpine Linux fn_alpine
Windows fn.exe

For Mac / Linux Systems

  • Open a Terminal Window
  • Change into your home directory

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cd ~
  • Create a directory for your executable

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mkdir lbin
  • Copy the downloaded executable file into this lbin directory

user input On Mac:

mv ~/Downloads/fn_mac.dms lbin/fn

user input On Linux:

mv ~/Downloads/fn_linux lbin/fn
  • Make the file executable.

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chmod +x lbin/fn
  • Add the ~/lbin directory to your PATH environment variable as shown below

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export PATH=~/lbin:$PATH

You can confirm using the which fn command, the output should look like /Users/<your-user>/lbin/fn. Beyond this point you can use Fn directly.

(Alternatively, you can use ~/lbin/fn if you don’t want to add to your PATH environment variable.)

For Windows Systems

The best way for Windows users is to run Fn inside a Linux virtual machine either in the cloud or using VirtualBox locally.

Learn More

Congratulations! You’ve installed Fn and started up an Fn server. Now you are ready to create your first function for one of the supported languages. You can start with:

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